Hastings borough area profile

Introduction

This profile should be used to inform decisions and plans and to identify priorities to improve local people’s health and reduce health inequalities in Hastings.

The profile identifies needs (which may also be referred to or seen as deficits) as well as assets (which may also be referred to or seen as strengths) from key indicators that have been bench marked against the England average.

Causes of premature mortality and inequalities in life expectancy are also presented.

This profile forms part of the East Sussex Joint Strategic Needs Assessment (JSNA) and draws together data and analysis from East Sussex public health reports and various health profiles produced by Public Health England. It brings together existing data and analysis, from a variety of sources, at Clinical Commissioning Groups (CCGs), Primary Care Networks (PCNs), district/borough councils and East Sussex levels.


Understanding the data

The geographies

This profile contains data for Hastings district. Most charts, tables and maps present data at both upper tier and lower tier local authority geographies. However, some datasets are only available at other geographies (for example some of the primary care datasets are only available by NHS geographies) and so this information will be presented by those geographies.

Significance testing

Where possible, data has been benchmarked and compared against England, or in some cases specific targets. Where differences are observed and found to be significant, then this will refer to statistical significance at the 95% confidence level. However, it is important to bear in mind that:

  • where values are based on high counts, even small, possibly unimportant, differences may be statistically significant, and
  • where values are based on low counts, even large, possibly important differences may not be statistically significant.

Rates

Where rates are used, some rates may not be age standardised. If crude rates are reported and the condition mainly affects older people, it is important to also take into account the age profile of the population. Where age standardised rates are presented, then this will be noted in the title of the chart/table.


The borough

The geography of Hastings

Hastings is located on the south east coast of England and is in the county of East Sussex. It is a one of five lower tier local authorities within the county (Eastbourne Borough Council, Hastings Borough Council, Lewes District Council, Rother District Council and Wealden District Council). Hastings has a population of approximately 93,500 residents.

Hastings borough is situated on the coast with its land border surrounded by rother district. The area contains the towns of Hastings and St Leonards-on-sea with the A259 running east and west along the coast and the A21 going north through the centre of the borough.

The most populated areas of the borough are in the central coastal areas of Hastings & St Leonards, the areas to the east through Broomgrove and Ore and also north of St Leonards in Silverhill and Hollington.

Map 1 shows the borough of Hastings and details the key areas of the town and major roads.

Map 1 Hastings showing the key areas of the town and major roads

Map 1 Eastbourne showing the key areas of the town and major roads

Rural & urban

Within Hastings there are 53 Lower Super Output Areas (LSOAs).

Lower Super Output Areas (LSOAs) are small areas designed to be of a similar population size, with an average of approximately 1,500 residents or 650 households in each LSOA. They were produced by the Office for National Statistics (ONS) for the reporting of small area statistics.

The ONS have classified all LSOAs as either Urban, Rural or Fringe. All Hastings LSOAs are classified as Urban city and town. Map 2 shows the distribution of the rural and urban areas across the whole county, including Hastings.

Map 2 Urban and rural classification of each LSOA in East Sussex, 2011

Map 2 Urban and rural classification of each LSOA in East Sussex, 2011
  • Chart 1 shows that all of the LSOAs in Eastbourne and Hasting are urban. The other districts within the county have a mixture of rural and urban towns and villages, with Rother having over 50% of its towns and villages classified as rural or fringe.

Chart 1 The population who live in urban or rural areas for each district/borough in East Sussex,2011

Health and care sites

Within Hastings the health and care infrastructure across the borough includes:

  • 1 acute hospital (Conquest hospital)
  • 9 GP practices, 3 Branch practices
  • 20 community pharmacies
  • 64 care homes
  • 1 independent school, 24 maintained schools

We have developed an online mapping tool using Tableau which will allow you to select different geographies and health and care settings to create bespoke maps. To access this mapping tool go to the East Sussex Health and Care Tableau Mapping Tool to look at these maps in more detail.

Tableau is a data visualisation tool. For more information about Tableau visit Visualise public data | Explore, learn, share | Tableau Public.

Map 3 An example of the East Sussex Health and Care Tableau Mapping Tool highlighting where the hospitals and pharmacies are across the county

East Sussex Health and Care Tableau Mapping Tool

Map 4 Primary care networks in East Sussex, 2023

Map 4 Primary care networks in East Sussex, 2022

There are 12 Primary Care Networks (PCNs) in East Sussex covering a registered population size of 566,900 (April, 2023). PCNs are groups of GP practices which work together with community, mental health, social care, pharmacy, hospital and voluntary services in their local area. In each PCN there are usually approximately 30,000 to 50,000 patients.

There are no strict geographical boundaries for PCNs as their reach and coverage is based on where each GP’s registered population live. Some patients who live geographically next door to one another may be registered with different GP practices, which in turn may be part of different PCNs, and so there is no obvious geographical border.

However, to show a PCN on a map we have carried out a mapping exercise to try to highlight the geographical areas which contain the majority of patients for each PCN. Map 4 shows the areas where the majority of each PCN’s registered patients live. The different colours on the map represent the different PCN areas. Note that certain PCNs (e.g. ALPS Group) are represented by 2 separate areas on the map. Some areas in East Sussex (mainly on the boarders of the county) show PCNs from outside of East Sussex. This is because the majority of East Sussex residents in those areas are registered with non-East Sussex GP practices, and so belong to non-East Sussex PCNs.

Hastings & St Leonards is the only PCN with a footprint within Hastings. Hastings & St Leonards footprint also extends into Rother district. This PCN is the largest in East Sussex with approximately 101,000 registered patients.

In this area profile, there are tables which show data for all the PCNs within East Sussex (Table 8, Table 16). However, for this Hastings borough area profile, any commentary about PCN data will refer to Hastings & St Leonards PCN.


Population demographics

Deprivation

  • The most deprived areas in Hastings are mainly in Hollington, the town centre along the seafront (including St Leonards) and around Tressell/Broomgrove, and north west of Ore.
  • Table 1 shows the most deprived quintile has the highest percentage of people aged under 65, and the lowest percentage aged over 65, compared to the other quintiles.
  • Hastings has no LSOAs in the least deprived quintile.

Map 5 Areas of deprivation in Hastings showing the LSOAs ranking according to their deprivation quintile, 2019

Map 5 Areas of deprivation in Eastbourne showing the LSOAs ranking according to their deprivation quintile, 2019

Age structure

  • Hastings has a similar age structure compared to England. However, it has a slightly higher percentage of 50 to 74 year olds (both males and females) compared to England.
  • Hastings also has a slightly lower percentage for younger age ranges especially those aged 20 to 44 year olds (both males and females) than England.

Chart 2 Hastings borough’s population profile (total population 90,984), 2021Population pyramid showing each of the 5 year age bands for both males and females in Eastbourne compared to East Sussex.

Population for different age groups

  • Map 6 shows the highest percentage of children aged 0-4 are mainly in the Ore, Tressell Baird (Eastern side of Hastings), Hollington, Wishing Tree and parts of West St Leonards, Conquest and Silverhill. 

Map 6 The percentage of children aged 0 to 4 in Hasting borough’s LSOAs, 2021

Map of Eastbourne showing which LSOAs have the highest % of children aged 0-4

  • Hollington, eastern part of Ashdown, Tressell/Broomgrove, and north west of Ore (Map 7).

Map 7 The percentage of people aged 5 to 19 in Hasting borough’s, 2021

A Map of Eastbourne showing which LSOAs have the highest % of people aged 5 to 19

  • West St Leonards, Hollington, Ashdown, Gensing, Central St Leonards, Castle, north Tressell, north Old Hastings, parts of Baybrooke and Conquest have some of the highest percentages of working age people (Map 8).

Map 8 The percentage of people aged 20 to 64 in Hasting borough’s LSOAs, 2021

Map of Eastbourne showing which LSOAs have the highest % of people aged 20 to 64

  • The highest percentages of people aged 65+ live in Silverhill Park and St Helens and Maze hill.

Map 9 The percentage of people aged 65+ in Hasting borough’s LSOAs, 2021

Map of Eastbourne showing which LSOAs have the highest % of people aged 65+

Ethnicity

  • Data from the 2021 census shows that Hastings has a higher percentage (approximately, 85%) of White British and Northern Irish compared to England (approximately, 74%). Other white (5.3%) is by far the largest Ethnic group other than White British or Northern Irish, in Hastings.

  • Chart 3 shows a comparison of all other ethnicities in Hastings compared to England in East Sussex.

Chart 3 Ethnic groups other than White British or Northern Irish, 2021

Chart 4 Ethnicity and broad age group in Hastings, 2021

Birth rate

  • There has been a general decline in the live birth rate in East Sussex over the past 5 years (Chart 5), similar to what has been observed in England.
  • Hastings consistently has a higher birth rate (all ages) than England and East Sussex.

Chart 5 Live birth rate (per 1,000 women in the age group) - all ages, 2014-20

Table 2 shows for Hastings that for women in age groups under 30, birth rates were higher than England and East Sussex while those aged 30-34 and 35-39 birth rates are lower than England and East Sussex.

Table 2 Live Birth rate (per 1,000 women in the age group), 2020
Location Under 20 20-24 25-29 30-34 35-39 40 & Over all ages
England 10 45 85 103 60 16 55
East Sussex 10 50 92 104 56 13 53
Eastbourne 15 54 101 107 47 12 54
Hastings 17 68 94 99 50 15 59
Lewes 7 39 88 102 63 13 51
Rother  7 52 90 96 63 15 53
Wealden 6 39 90 110 57 13 51

Population change

  • There is projected to be 1,700 more people living in Hastings in 2026 compared to 2022 which is a 2% increase.
  • The highest increase projected will be for people aged 65-84 with some 1,500 (9%).

Wider determinants of health

Housing

  • Hastings has the lowest percentage of owner occupied housing (57%) and the highest percentage of private rented housing (29%) compared to East Sussex.

Chart 6 Dwelling stock by tenure, 2021

  • Chart 7 shows that overcrowding of households in Hastings was lower for both socially rented (14%) and privately rented households (13%) compared with England & Wales and East Sussex.

Chart 7 Overcrowded households in East Sussex by tenure, 2011

Income

  • Hastings average (median) full time earnings are the lowest in East Sussex and below the average (median) full time in England.

Chart 8 Resident-based average (median) full time and part time earnings, 2022

Please note: the data for part-time workers for Eastbourne, Lewes, Rother and Wealden was unavailable for 2022 so 2021 data was used.

Employment

Hastings has the lowest percentage of working age people in employment (72.9%).

Chart 9 Working age (16-64) people in employment, 2020

Education

  • Hastings has higher proportions of lower level (none – Level 2) qualifications compared to East Sussex and England.
  • Hastings also has the second lowest proportion of level 4 (31%) qualified people compared with other districts or boroughs in East Sussex and England.

Chart 10 Qualifications of working age population, 2021

Source: ONS Nomis Annual Population Survey: Qualifications of working age population, 2020. Note the data for no qualifications for Lewes district was unavailable for 2020 so 2019 data were used.

The data shown in Chart 10 shows the percentage of people who have “up to” a specific qualification level. For example, 10% of people in England are qualified up to level 1 only, 17% are qualified up to level 2 only, 19 % are qualified up to level 3 only, etc.

The different levels of qualifications are defined as:

  • Level 1: 1+ O level passes, 1+ CSE/GCSE any grades, NVQ level 1, Foundation GNVQ.
  • Level 2: 5+ O level passes, 5+ CSEs (grade 1's), 5+ GCSEs (grades A-C), School Certificate, 1+ A levels/AS levels, NVQ level 2, Intermediate GNVQ.
  • Level 3: 2+ A levels, 4+ AS levels, Higher School Certificate, NVQ level 3, Advanced GNVQ, ONC, OND, BTEC National etc.
  • Level 4 and above: First degree, Higher degree, NVQ levels 4 and 5, HNC, HND, Professional qualifications (for example teaching, nursing, accountancy).
  • Other qualifications: Vocational/Work-related Qualifications, Foreign Qualifications, includes any qualifications not mentioned above.

Crime

  • Hastings has higher rates of total crime (excluding fraud) and violence against the person compared to East Sussex and England.

Chart 11 Total recorded crime and violence against the person, 2022

Loneliness & isolation

  • Those who answered the survey question saying they ‘often or some of the time felt lonely living in your local area’ were slightly higher in Hastings compared to the other areas.
  • The response to this question across all areas when looking at how people answered the survey in previous years is broadly the same with no discernible trend.

Chart 12 Community Survey – Responses to the question “do you ever feel lonely living in your local area?", 2015 - 2019

Environment

  • Domestic carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions were the largest of the three sectors in 2005 but these emissions have fallen by 41% in 2020.

  • The industrial and commercial sector emissions have continued to fall with a 58% decrease in 2020 compared to 2005.

  • The transport sector of CO2 emissions has had a reduction over the period with a decline of 29% which is the least compared to the other sectors.

Chart 13 CO2 Emissions by sector 2005 - 2020 in East Sussex

  • The reduction of CO2 has been consistent across all districts and boroughs through the years 2005-2020 with a 50% reduction for East Sussex.

  • In 2005 Hastings had 5.0 per capita emissions but by 2020 it has reduced to 2.4 per capita emissions a (52%) reduction.

Chart 14 Emissions of carbon dioxide per person in East Sussex by district and borough, 2005-2020

Access to healthy spaces

Natural England have produced an online map that shows where all the green spaces are within the UK. To access the tool go to Natural England’s Green Infrastructure Map. The mapping tool provides many different layers that can be selected in order to provide a map view of resources of the local area.

Map 10 shows the green and blue spaces in East Sussex, produced using the mapping tool.

Map 10 An extract from Natural England’s mapping tool showing some of the green & blue infrastructure areas in East Sussex

Blue spaces are outdoor environments, either natural or built, that prominently feature water such as streams, ponds, canals and other water bodies.


Life expectancy

Life expectancy

  • Life Expectancy (LE) at birth is higher at an East Sussex level compared to England and higher for females than males. LE was increasing in East Sussex up to around 2012-2014 when it began to plateau. The latest data (2018-2020) estimates that life expectancy for females in East Sussex is 84.1 years and for males 80.1 years.
  • At a lower tier level, for males and females, Hastings has the lowest LE compared to the other district and boroughs. The LE in Hastings for males has increased over the period from 75.2 years (2001-2003) to 78.0 years (2018-2020). For females LE has increased over the period from 79.6 years (2001-2003) to 81.8 years (2018-2020).
  • At a small area level (MSOA, latest data 2015-2019) in Hastings for males it is lowest in Central St Leonards (74.17 years) which is the second lowest in East Sussex. Seven of the eleven MSOAs in Hastings are statistically worse compared to England. The highest is found in Ashdown (82.7 years). For females in Hastings the lowest is in Central St Leonards (79.1 years) with three of the eleven MSOAs statistically worse compared to England. The highest is found in Ashdown (86.5 years).

Chart 15 Life expectancy between 2001 to 2003 and 2018 to 2020, East Sussex and England

Chart 16 Life expectancy for males: between 2001 to 2003 and 2018 to 2020 by district and borough

Chart 17 Life expectancy for females: between 2001 to 2003 and 2018 to 2020 by district and borough

Middle Layer Super Output Areas (MSOAs) are a geographic hierarchy designed to improve the reporting of small area statistics in England and Wales. MSOAs are built from groups of LSOAs. In East Sussex there are 69 MSOAs, each containing on average 8,000 residents.

Map 11 Life expectancy for males, MSOAs 2015-2019

Map showing Life expectancy for males, MSOAs 2015-2019

Map 12 Life expectancy for females, MSOAs 2015-2019

Map of East Sussex showing Life expectancy for females, MSOAs 2015-2019

Gap in life expectancy

  • Circulatory conditions contribute the most to the gap in LE between the most and least deprived areas in Hastings for both males and females (21.2% and 32.5%).
  • For males, digestive conditions with (21.2%) is the equal highest with circulatory conditions contributes to the LE gap. External causes and respiratory conditions are the next highest contributors to the LE gap.
  • For females, respiratory conditions are the second highest closely followed by other and mental and behavioural.

Chart 18 Breakdown of the LE gap (within area) between most and least deprived areas in Hastings, 2017-2019

Healthy life expectancy

  • In the latest time period (2018-2020) healthy life expectancy for males (63.1 years) is the same as for England. However, for females in East Sussex (63.3) it is lower than nationally (63.9) but has increased from a drop in 2017-19 which was the lowest it had been in the last 10 years.

Chart 19 Healthy Life Expectancy at birth, East Sussex and England, between 2009 to 2011 and 2018 to 2020

Leading causes of death

  • Across all ages dementia is the leading cause of death in Hastings followed by heart failure.

  • From a premature mortality perspective (deaths in the under 75s), the leading cause of death is ischaemic heart disease, followed by chronic lower respiratory diseases.

Table 5 All ages, leading cause of death (numbers of deaths shown, with cancers broken down), 2022

Table 6 Under 75s, leading cause of death (numbers of deaths shown, with cancers broken down), 2022

Premature mortality (deaths under 75s)

  • Premature mortality is highest in Hastings and Lowest in Wealden. All areas had a decrease in premature mortality in 2022 compared to the previous year.

  • Premature mortality is highest in the most deprived quintile.

  • All quintiles saw a reduction in premature mortality in 2022 compared to the previous year. For quintiles 1, 2 and 4 this decrease was significantly different from the previous year.

Chart 20 Premature mortality (under 75s) from all causes, by district and borough, 2019 – 2022

Chart 20 Premature mortality (under 75s) from all causes, by district and borough, 2019 – 2021

Chart 21 Premature mortality (under 75s) from all causes, rates by national deprivation quintile, 2019 - 2022

Chart 21 Premature mortality (under 75s) from all causes, rates by national deprivation quintile, 2019 - 2021


Disease & poor health

Disability

  • In the 2011 Census Hastings had 19,956 people with a Limited long-term illness. This is projected to increase to 24,995 an increase of 25% by 2034.
  • The projected overall disability in 2019 was 17,237. This is projected to increase to 20,632 an increase of 20%.
  • The highest number of Disability Living Allowance (DLA) and Personal Independence Payments (PIP) is in Hastings.

Please note: Disability living allowance (DLA) & Personal Independence Payments (PIP) - all claimants, May 2021.

Table 7 Data on disability for 2020 and the projected numbers for 2035
Illness / Disability East Sussex Eastbourne Hastings Lewes Rother  Wealden
Limited Long-Term illness - 2021 110,553 21,919 20,525 20,342 20,138 27,629
Projected LLTI - 2020 118,510 22,906 21,434 21,084 22,481 30,604
Projected LLTI - 2035 147,795 27,019 25,048 26,073 28,057 41,598
Projected overall disability - 2020 96,597 18,697 17,398 17,184 18,436 24,881
Projected overall disability - 2035 122,427 22,462 20,698 21,578 23,360 34,330
Disability Living Allowance (DLA) and Personal Independence Payments (PIP) (All claimants, August 2022) 35,227 7,682 8,213 6,122 6,020 7,196

Source: East Sussex in Figures. Limited Long-Term illness – 2011 ; Projected LLTI ; Projected overall disability ; Disability Living Allowance (DLA) and Personal Independence Payments (PIP)

Quality & outcomes framework

Table 8 shows extracts from the Quality and Outcomes Framework (QOF) for 2022, 2023. 

Data within the QOF is not aged standardised and so some areas of high or low prevalence may in some part be a result of the age demographics of the area. It is important to understand more about the demography when interpreting this data. Public Health England have produced some National General Practice area profiles for PCNs, which include a “Data View” of the population.

This data can be access via PHEs National General Practice Profiles online Fingertips tool

  • In Table 8 Hastings & St Leonards the majority of conditions are significantly lower compared to England.

Table 8 GP reported disease prevalence for each Primary Care Network in East Sussex, 2022, 2023

Table 8 GP reported disease prevalence for each Primary Care Network in East Sussex, 2019/20

View table 8 as a larger table pdf 106kb

To see what geographical footprints the Primary Care Networks cover see Map 4 in the “Primary Care Network” section of this document.

Obesity

  • Hastings has a similar percentage of children with excess weight compared to England for those aged 4-5 years old and 10-11 years.

  • Hastings also have a similar percentage of adults classified as overweight or obese compared to England.

Table 9 Excess weight and obesity in young people and adults, 2019 - 2022

Table 9 Excess weight and obesity in young people and adults, 2017 - 2020


Health related behaviours

Smoking

  • Hastings has a significantly worse smoking prevalence compared to England.

Table 11 Smoking prevalence and quit rates, 2019 - 2021

Table 11 Smoking prevalence and quit rates, 2019 - 2021

Alcohol

  • Hastings has significantly worse rates of alcohol-related admissions, and also higher rates of alcohol-specific mortality (though not significantly) compared to England.

Table 12 Alcohol, 2017 - 2022

Table 12 Alcohol, 2017 - 2020

Physical activity & healthy eating

  • Hastings is significantly worse for the proportion of population meeting their recommended "5 a day". Hastings has significantly better percentage of physically active adults compared to England. Hastings has similar levels of inactive adults and proportion of adults cycling for travel at least 3 days per week, compared to England.

Table 13 Physical activity and healthy eating, 2019 - 2022

Table 13 Physical activity and healthy eating, 2019 - 2021

No Data: Value missing due to small sample size

Sexual health

  • Compared to England, new STI diagnoses (which exclude chlamydia in under 25 year olds) are similar in Hastings to that of England.

  • Compared to England, the chlamydia detection rates in people aged 15 to 24 years is similar in Hastings.

  • Compared to a target goal, Hastings has a similar HIV diagnosis prevalence rater per 1,000.

Table 14 Sexual health, 2020 - 2022

Table 14 Sexual health, 2020

Drug & Alcohol treatment

  • Hastings have significantly higher rates of adults in drug and/or alcohol treatment and for young people in drug or alcohol treatment.

Table 15 Drug and alcohol treatment, 2020 - 2022

Screening & immunisation

  • Data for childhood immunisation is only presented at East Sussex County level. For all childhood immunisations East Sussex is below the 95% goal for vaccination and significantly below the goal for DTap and IPV booster in 5 year olds.

  • A significantly higher percentage of 65+ year olds received their seasonal flu vaccination in East Sussex compared to the 75% goal for vaccination cover.

Table 16a Immunisations, 2019 - 2022

Table 16 Screening and immunisations, 2019 - 2021

Table 16b Screening, 2021 - 2022

Table 16 Screening and immunisations, 2019 - 2021

View table 16b as a larger table

  • Hastings & St Leonards PCN has significantly lower eligible 50-64 years old screened for cervical cancer and 60-74 years old screened for bowel cancer compared to England.

Health & social care services

Maternity

  • Hastings has a similar percentage of mothers breastfeeding at 6-8 weeks, compared to England.
  • Deliveries to teenage mothers are significantly worse for Hastings compared to England.

Table 17 Pregnancy and birth, 2017 - 2021

Table 17 Pregnancy and birth, 2017 - 2021

Hospital attendance

  • As the main provider of acute services in East Sussex, East Sussex Healthcare Trust (ESHT) provide at least half of all emergency and elective admissions, A&E and outpatient attendances for East Sussex residents. They are the main provider of services to residents in Hastings.
Table 18 Emergency admissions by hospital Trust admitted to, 2022/23
NHS Trust East Sussex Eastbourne Hastings Lewes Rother Wealden
East Sussex Healthcare Trust 70% 93% 94% 26% 87% 52%
University Hospitals Sussex  15% 3% 2% 69% 2% 13%
Maidstone and Tunbridge Wells 10% 0% 1% 0% 7% 29%
Elsewhere 4% 4% 3% 4% 4% 6%
 Percent Total 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100%
Table 19 Elective admissions by hospital Trust admitted to, 2022/23
NHS Trust East Sussex Eastbourne Hastings Lewes Rother Wealden
East Sussex Healthcare Trust 59% 82% 84% 20% 79% 46%
University Hospitals Sussex  19% 6% 5% 63% 4% 14%
Maidstone and Tunbridge Wells 5% 0% 0% 0% 4% 15%
Elsewhere 17% 12% 11% 17% 13% 24%
 Percent total 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100%
Table 20 First outpatient attendances, 2022/23
NHS Trust East Sussex Eastbourne Hastings Lewes Rother Wealden
East Sussex Healthcare Trust 60% 82% 89% 20% 82% 44%
University Hospitals Sussex  16% 4% 3% 61% 3% 10%
Maidstone and Tunbridge Wells 8% 0% 0% 0% 5% 22%
Elsewhere 16% 14% 8% 19% 10% 23%
 Percent total 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100%
Table 21 A&E attendances, 2022/23
NHS Trust East Sussex Eastbourne Hastings Lewes Rother Wealden
East Sussex Healthcare Trust 61% 94% 96% 14% 87% 40%
University Hospitals Sussex  15% 2% 1% 52% 1% 11%
Sussex Community Foundation Trust 15% 1% 0% 31% 2% 28%
Elsewhere 9% 2% 2% 2% 9% 21%
 Percent total 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100%

Hospital activity

  • Over the last 12 years Hastings has had the lowest number of elective admissions. 
  • Numbers of A&E attendances (which includes attendances at Urgent Treatment Centres and Minor Injury Units) are the second lowest in Hastings.

Chart 26 Number of emergency admissions, 12-year trends, for East Sussex districts/boroughs, 2011/12 – 2022/23

Chart 27 Number of elective admissions, 12-year trend for East Sussex districts/boroughs, 2011/12 – 2022/23

Chart 28 Number of first outpatient attendances, 12-year trend for East Sussex districts/boroughs, 2011/12 – 2022/23

Chart 29 Number of A&E attendances, East Sussex districts/boroughs, 2018/19 - 2022/23

Hospital activity - age specific rates & by deprivation

  • In terms of children and young people, rates of emergency admissions and outpatient and A&E attendances are highest in the under 5s and then drop for 5-9 years olds who tend to have the lowest rates across all age bands.
  • Rates are highest across all activity types in older people. For electives and outpatient attendances rates begin to decrease round the age of 80 years, which is generally not the case for urgent care.

Chart 30 Age-specific rates of emergency admissions, 2022/23

Chart 31 Age-specific rates of elective admissions, 2022/23

Chart 32 Age-specific rates of first outpatient attendances, 2022/23

Chart 33 Age-specific rates of A&E attendances, 2022/23

  • There is a clear association of higher emergency admissions with increasing levels of deprivation and a widening of the gap in admission rates between the most and least deprived areas. Historically this was the case with elective admissions and outpatient attendances, although in more recent years this has not necessarily been the case and in 2022/23 all areas experienced similar rates.
  • A&E attendance rates are highest in the most derived quintile followed by the second most deprived quintile, with the rest of East Sussex experiencing similar rates.

Chart 34 Age-standardised rates of emergency admissions by deprivation, 2011/12 – 2022/23

Chart 35 Age-standardised rates of elective admissions by deprivation, 2011/12 – 2022/23


Chart 36 Age-standardised rates of 1st outpatient attendances by deprivation, 2012/13 – 2022/23


Chart 37 Age-standardised rates of A&E attendances by deprivation, 2018/19 – 2022/23

Leading cause of admissions

  • There are differences in the main causes of emergency admissions by age group.
  • Respiratory conditions are the leading cause of emergency admissions in under 5s.
  • In children and young people aged 5-19 and adults aged 20-64 years the leading cause of an emergency admission is signs, symptoms, and abnormal clinical/laboratory findings. 
  • The leading cause of emergency admissions in adults aged 65+ years is diseases of the circulatory system. 
Table 22 Hastings, 0-4 year olds (top 5 causes account for 78% of emergency admissions 2022, 2023)
Top 5 disease/injury causes of emergency admissions Number Percentage
Diseases of the respiratory system 378 33%
Symptoms, signs and abnormal clinical and laboratory findings, not elsewhere classified 198 17%
Certain infectious and parasitic diseases 195 17%
Injury, poisoning and certain other consequences of external causes 61 5%
Certain conditions originating in the perinatal period 54 5%
Total emergency admissoins for all causes 1134  
Table 23 Hastings, 5-19 year olds (top 5 causes account for 75% of emergency admissions 2022, 2023)
Top 5 disease/injury causes of emergency admissions Number Percentage
Symptoms, signs and abnormal clinical and laboratory findings, not elsewhere classified 258 26%
Injury, poisoning and certain other consequences of external causes 216 21%
Diseases of the respiratory system 140 14%
Certain infectious and parasitic diseases 70 7%
Diseases of the digestive system 69 7%
Total emergency admissoins for all causes 1010  
Table 24 Hastings, 20-64 year olds (top 5 causes account for 63% of emergency admissions 2022, 2023)
Top 5 disease/injury causes of emergency admissions Number Percentage
Symptoms, signs and abnormal clinical and laboratory findings, not elsewhere classified 869 19%
Diseases of the digestive system 636 14%
Injury, poisoning and certain other consequences of external causes 578 13%
Diseases of the respiratory system 413 9%
Diseases of the circulatory system 370 8%
Total emergency admissoins for all causes 4526  
Table 25 Hastings, 65+ year olds (top 5 causes account for 68% of emergency admissions 2022, 2023)
Top 5 disease/injury causes of emergency admissions Number Percentage
Diseases of the circulatory system 741 16%
Symptoms, signs and abnormal clinical and laboratory findings, not elsewhere classified 739 16%
Injury, poisoning and certain other consequences of external causes 658 14%
Diseases of the respiratory system 648 14%
Diseases of the digestive system 407 9%
Total emergency admissoins for all causes 4710  

Adult social care caseload

  • Hastings has the highest rate of new contacts with Adult Social Care for both adults (18-64) and older people (65+) age groups.

Chart 38 - Total number of new contacts as a rate per 100,000 2021/22

  • Hastings has a similar percentage compared to East Sussex for older people and adults for 'new care' contacts progressing to social care assessment.

Chart 39 - 'New care' contacts from the community that have progressed to a Social Care Assessment, 2021/22

  • Hastings has a similar percentage of Social Care Assessment that resulted in Support Plans for adults and older people compared to East Sussex.

Chart 40 - Social Care Assessment that resulted in Support Plans, 2021/22

  • Hastings has the highest rate for both adults (16-64) and older people (65+) with at least one activity in a 12-month period compared with the other district and boroughs.

Chart 41 – Number of people with at least one activity in a 12-month period as a rate per 100,000 population, 2021/22

Activity relates to contacts, assessments, reviews, appearance of needs tools, other statutory work, and safeguarding episodes.

Note: East Sussex data also includes clients that were unable to be allocated to a specific district/borough.

  • Hastings has the highest rate of persons receiving Long Term Support for both adults and older people.

Chart 42 – Persons receiving Long Term Support rate per 1,000 population, 2021/22

CSC caseload / Looked after children

  • Hastings has the highest rate of looked after children and child protection plans but only has the second highest referrals to children’s social care.

Chart 43 Children's social care - Locked after Children, Child Protection plans rate per 1,000 as at 31st March 2023 and referrals, 2022/23